Ι. Assisted reproduction and anthropology: Anthropologists have a long-standing preoccupations with issues of reproduction, birth and conception. During the last decades there has been a proliferation of anthropological research on reproduction due to “new reproduction techniques” (ultrasound, amniocentesis and more importantly assisted reproduction). Anthropological interest in ART combines traditional anthropological interests in conception, kinship, personhood with more contemporary ones which focus on gender, body, technology, science. Ethnographies of ART emphasize issues of gender, kinship, religion, stratified reproduction, ethics, morality and economy in a variety of contexts and in a significant number of countries. Even though there are multiple socio-cultural facets to ART in Greece, the majority of relevant research is about its legal psychological aspects. Ethnographic accounts are still relatively rare.
ΙΙ. Interdisciplinary frameworks: Beyond its anthropological focus the proposed study adopts an interdisciplinary perspective to examine issues of politics, citizenship and human rights from the perspective of law. The relation of the anthropology of kinship to legal studies is well-acknowledged.
ΙΙΙ. Comparative Approaches: European and Mediterranean countries: A significant number of anthropological studies on ART focus on comparisons between countries in relation to kinship concepts, gender differences, legal context, religious practices, ethnic backgrounds. Comparative approaches may adopt a global perspective focus on Islamic countries or look at European countries. A significant body of work examines differences in legal systems between European countries and how they urge or enable a growing number of people to move across European borders in search of more friendly reproductive environments.